Wednesday, March 24, 2010

Chara Paryaya Dasa - An Introduction

ॐ नमः शिवाय
Namaste friends,
I convey my wishes to all the readers of this blog “Sri Rama Navami Subhakankshalu”.
In this blog I am going to introduce one of the wonderful phalita dasas namely “Chara Paryaya Dasa” and its utility. For this purpose, I am using the horoscope of a very influential Jyotish Guru on Internet. I am not disclosing the name of the person for obvious reasons and I hope readers could easily guess this personality.  I humbly submit to the readers that this chart is used only for academic purpose and request the readers to kindly forgive me for any mistakes.
Chara Paryaya Dasa is, as I already indicated earlier, a very important Phalita dasa, which should sparingly be used only when certain a combination exists in the horoscope. In fact, the students of Jaimini system would do well to appreciate the fact that all the dasas mentioned in the 4th pada of 2nd Adhyaya of Jaimini Sutras are Rajayoga dasas. That may be reason, why Sage Jaimini ended the 3rd pada of 2nd Adhyaya with a general purpose dasa namely “Chara Dasa”.
Why is it a special dasa?
Sage Jaimini opens 4th pada with a special dasa in the name of Chara Paryaya Dasa and mentions the conditional combination to observe when applying this dasa. Sage Jaimini writes
द्वितीयं भावबलं चरनवांशे २--
dvitīyaṁ bhāvabalaṁ caranavāṁśe 2-4-1
Translation: The second source of strength shall be used in Chara Paryaya Dasas.
Well, this translation seems to be very odd and exaggerated to the students of this science. It is quite reasonable, since we never followed the spirit of Sage Jaimini.
How the term navāṁśe mean “Paryaya”? This needs futher analysis which  opens new vistas in Jaimini system. The ancient commentators answers this very well. Navama term has been used by Sage Jaimini in three instance in the whole sutras. One, at mentioning of the first sutra of 3rd pada and one at the first sutra of 4th pada. Most modern commentators interpreted them according to the teachings of Neelakantha.
Now, I am presenting a novel interpretation based on the commentaries “Jataka Sara Sangraha”, “Sutrartha Prakasika”from my mother land and my Guru’s work “Jaimini Sutramritam”.
The first sutra mentioning the Navamsa term reads thus.
विषमे तदादिर्नवांशः २--
viṣame tadādirnavāṁśaḥ 2-3-1
अन्यथा आदर्षादिः २--
anyathā ādarṣādiḥ 2-3-2
My Understanding: The first sutra according to most commentators is about the Navamsa Dasa and there has been claims from Scholars like Sri K.N.Rao that he knows about 15 types of Navamsa dasa reckoning. Jataka Sara Sangraha apty calls it as Darpana Dasa. I don’t debate on which name is correct. Yet, it is prudent to understand that this  Navamsa dasa starts from an odd sign. That is, if the lagna is odd, it starts from that sign and if even, starts from an “adarsa sign”.  It has been a popular view that Adarsa sign is 8th sign for Chara, 6th for fixed sign and 7th for dual sign. Now, we shall clearly understand the mistake in this interpretation. The Adarsa sign for movable, fixed signs will be of different oddity[1], where as for dual signs it will be of same oddity, which shows the fallacy of this interpretation. Sri Rangacharya proved this fallacy and has shown the alternate interpretation based on classics like Jataka Sara Sangraha, Kalpalatha etc. So, the correct adarsa sign of the dual sign will be 4th sign according to  prakriti chakra.
 With going into further details, I can only add that
1.      Dasa sign need not be the Lagna.
2.      Paka and Bhoga signs are very important in this “Navamsa (read Darpana) dasa”.
The second sutra relates to Chara Paryaya dasa and reads thus.
द्वितीयं भावबलं चरनवांशे २--
dvitīyaṁ bhāvabalaṁ caranavāṁśe 2-4-1
My Understanding: This sutra mentions that the 2nd source of strength exclusively  be used in this Chara and Navamsa Dasa. How this type of Chara (Paryaya) dasa relates to Navamsa Dasa, where Chara (Paryaya) dasa is a phalita dasa and Navamsa (Darpana) dasa is a Ayurdasa? The answer lies in the following points and I wish readers may ponder over the veracity.
The similar points:
1.      In both dasas, the first dasa sign need not be lagna besed on certain combination.
2.      The trine signs (1,5 and 9) and 8th signs play an important role in these dasas.
3.      The Paka and Bhoga signs are extremely important in these dasas.
4.      Both are called Paryaya dasas in Vriddha Karika. I hope this is the precise reason, why Navamsa term has been interpreted in synonym with Paryaya.
The dissimilar points:
1.      Chara Parya Dasa is a Phalit dasa, where as Darpana Dasa is an Ayur dasa.
2.      First one has Padakrama, where as later doen’t have it.
If we agree upon the term navāṁśe also mean Paryaya in this context, then we proceed to the furhter insights into Chara Parya Dasa.
 Chara Paryaya Dasa:
Chara Paryaya dasa is a very important dasa. This peculiar dasa differs in
a.       The starting Dasa sign
b.      The Padakrama
c.       The lord of Dasa Sign
The results attributed to this dasa system are like Trikona dasa, but the reckoning will be different.
Specific Condition:
This dasa applies to the horoscopes which has either of the combination of following.
1.      Jupiter in either of trines (1, 5, 9).
2.      Mercury in either of trines.
3.      Placement of own lord in trines.
4.      Placement of Atma Karaka planet in either of trines.
The above is nothing but the 2nd source of strength as mentioned below sutra.
स्वामि गुरुज्ञ दृग्योगो द्वितीयः २--१४
svāmi gurujña dṛgyogo dvitīyaḥ 2-3-14
So, according to the specific combination, ascertain the strongest among the lagna, 5th and 9th house and the dasa starts from this sign.
Yet, Phalaratnamala by Krishna Mishra mentions that the Chara Paryaya Dasa starts from the stonger of Lagna and its 7th sign. Though it is a tenable argument based on the Jaimini Sutra given below.
पितृ लाभ प्राणितोयम्
pitṛ lābha prāṇitoyam

But, Jataka Sara Sangraha and Sutrartha Prakasika mentions another Paryaya dasa namely “Sthira Paryaya Dasa”, which starts from the staonger of Lagna and 7th house. This interpretation seems more logical since, in this Sthira Paryaya dasa, the dasa sign runs like 1,7,2,8,3,9,4,10,5,11,6,12  irrespective of type of dasa sign whether Movable, Fixed or Dual.

The Vriddha Karika authernticates this interpretation.
बलिनः शुक्र शशिनोः पर्यायं तु स्थिरं नयेत्।
balinaḥ śukra śaśinoḥ paryāyaṁ tu sthiraṁ nayet |

Another Vriddha Karika mentions that the Chara Paryaya Dasa shall be reckoned like the Gochara (Trikona) Dasa. So, the view expressed by Raghava Bhatta regarding that this Chara Paryaya Dasa shall start from the stonger of 1, 5, and 9 is acceptable.

पदक्रम विभागेन चरपर्याय नामिकाम्।
चलाचल विमिश्राणां भेदेन तु दशां नयेत्॥
गोचराख्य दशावद्धि पर्याय नयनं फलमिति॥।
padakrama vibhāgena caraparyāya nāmikām|
calācala vimiśrāṇāṁ bhedena tu daśāṁ nayet ||
gocarākhya daśāvaddhi paryāya nayanaṁ phalamiti |||

Dasa Pada Krama:
1.      Dasa moves in zodiacal iff the starting sign is odd and anti-zodiacal otherwise.
2.      If the start dasa sign is
a.       Movable           à  moves regular
b.      Fixed                à every 6th house
c.       Dual                 à 1, 4, 7, 10, 2, 5, 8, 11, 3, 6, 9, 12 (Kendras, Phanaphara, Apoklima). Please remember this for dual signs.
Dasa Lords (Most Important):
In this dasa, the lords are not regular lord of signs. The lord of first sign is Atma Karaka, the lord of second sign is the planet in kendras to AK and so on. We are going to understand this with an example shorlty.
First let us see what Sager Jaimini instructs us about this.
स्वकेन्द्रस्थाद्या स्वामिनो नवंशानाम्
svakendrasthādyā svāmino navaṁśānām
Translation : The Atma Karaka and planets in Kendra, panaphara and apoklimas are the dasa lords in the Navamsa (read Chara Paryaya) Dasas.
 An ancient Vriidha Karaka endorses this vide the following verse.
पर्यायस्य भवेदात्मकारकः प्रथमस्य हि।
तत् प्रकारक्रमेणैव कारकत्व विनिश्चियः॥
paryāyasya bhavedātmakārakaḥ prathamasya hi |
tat prakārakrameṇaiva kārakatva viniściyaḥ ||
I hope readers will appreciate the above verse is nothing but one of the source of strength explained by Sage Jaimini.
Did you ever wonder why Chara Paryaya Dasa is different from Chara Dasa? The question come only when we realize that Chara Dasa and its Paryaya Dasa, both have a similar Padakrama.
The answer lies in the above verse. In this Chara Paryaya Dasa, the lord of dasa sign is not the regular lord but the planets as defined above verse.
Dasa Periods:
Using नाथांत सम प्रायेण (nāthāṁta sama prāyeṇa) rule,
·        Count from Sign to the lord as ascertained above zodiacally, if the sign is odd sign, both inclusive.
·        Count from Sign to the lord as ascertained above anti -zodiacally, if the sign is even sign, both inclusive.

We will see an example. The example chart belongs to a famous Astrologer on Internet forums.

Birth Data: August 7th, 1963, 21:15 Hrs, 83E58, 21N28, IST

Chara Paryaya Dasa :
Dasa Sign
Dasa Lord
1963 – 1966
Starting sign id Pisces occupied  by Own lord Jupiter in Lagna. Saturn as AK becomes the dasa lord of Pisces dasa. From Pi to Cp, both including  gives 3 Years
1966 – 1972
Venus in 7th (Kendra) from AK since no planet placed in 4th. Though Sun also placed in 7th from AK, but Venus having less degrees becomes Karaka.
1972 – 1975
Sun is Kendra to AK.
1975 – 1984
Next lord will be planets in Panaphara  from AK since all planets in Kendra are over.
1984 – 1991
Mercury in next Kendra to Moon
1991 – 2000
Jupiter in Apoklimas to AK after all planets in panapharas are over.
2000 – 2011
Rahu in Kendra to Jupiter.
2011 – 2020

The remarks in above table explain as to how the lord is decided for each dasa.

Dasa Karakas:
In this dasa system Dasa Karakas are very important in delineating the results of the dasa sign. So, it is important to understand how to reckon the dasa karaka. Tanu Karaka is the dasa lord as determined above and planets in Graha Chakra reckoning represent the remaining Bhavas.

I refer the readers to read my article “Graha Chakra” publishe in Vol 7 of Saptaarishis Astrology magazine for cleaar understanding of the concept. I have given many examples explaining this Graha Chakra.

Dwara (Paka) and Bahya (Bhoga) Signs:

The opearing dasa sign is called Dwara sign. The sign obtained by counting the number of signs from current dasa sign as it is away from first dasa sign using the oddity of first dasa sign.

For example, in the current example horoscope,  Pisces is the first dasa sign and for Leo dasa
a.       Dwara Sign is Leo
b.      Bahya sign is Capricorn. Counting from Pisces to Leo in reverse gives 8 and counting 8 signs from Leo in reverse gets to Capricorn which is Bhoga sign of this dasa.

Rules of Interpretation:
1.      Observe the benefic and malefic influence on the dasa sign.
2.      Benefic planets (Jupiter, Moon, Venus) occupy the trines and and 8th sign from Dasa sign indicate the good results.
3.      Malefic planets in the above planets indicate bad results.
4.      Paka and Bhoga signs are extremely important in this Paryaya dasas and if both signs occupied by malefic planet indicate diseases and Bandhana.
5.      Even malefic planets in own houses don’t give bad results.
6.      Observe the signs occupied by the planets, which give significant results to the native.
7.      Benefic signs occupied by malefic planets give benefic results first and bad results in the later part.
8.      Malefic sign occupied by benefic planets give benefic results first and malefic results in the later part.
9.      In this scheme, Dasa Karakas represent the respective houses. For example, the strength of the Tanu Karaka represent the matters relating to the Tanu Bhava. That means, Tanu Karaka itself is the Tanu Bhava.
10.  Transits[2] can be applied in this dasa, which is food for research, where as it is important for Gochara (Trikona Paryaya)  Dasa.

Interpretation of Leo Dasa (2000 – 2011):

·        Leo dasa runs from the year 2000 – 2011 for the native from his 37 year which makes a remarkable influence on the native’s life.
·        Benefic Mercury occupies the dasa sign Leo (Malefic sign) indicate the benefic results in the first part of the dasa.
·        Mercury is equal to Jupiter in this horoscope according to Jaimini School of thought since he is not conjunct. (Ref. Kalpalatha)
·        Placement of Mercury in dasa sign indicate the native involves in intellectual pursuits, writing, business and debates.
·        Mercury in Dasa sign indicate the person becomes businessman (Vanijah Ref: 2nd pada of 1st adhyaya). The native claims to be doing business and consulation apart from being highly paid Astrologer)
·        Jupiter in 8th with strength indicate the dasa fares well inspite of any odds. Remember any dasa sign with spoiled 8th sign indicate much troubles if trines are also spoiled.
·        Full Moon in 7th sign indicate wonderful fame and association of women.
·        Now comes the very important event of his life. He quit the Govt. Jupiter in September 2000, with in a month of advent of this dasa. What combination explains this. There is a very specific dictum in classical literature about this. When Venus or Sun occupies the 12th sign from Dasa sign indicate the trouble from the Government. This is sure to happen if Rahu or Moon apect the combination. Now look the placement of Venus and Sun in Cancer aspected by Moon. Though the native claims to leave the job for the cause of Jaimini System, yet there has been rumours about the other way.
·        Look at the Rahu in 11th sign in Gemini. It indicate the income from other means which is shown by the placement of Mars in 2nd house. What type of income does Rahu indicate? Doesn’t it show the income coming from foreign land, imports and consultancy in modern world. Sage Jaimini writes
धानुष्का श्चोराश्च जंगुलुका लोह यन्त्रिनश्च राहौ
dhānuṣkā ścorāśca jaṁgulukā loha yantrinaśca rāhau
Rahu occupying 26th degree in odd sign indicate the ancestral profession, which make him famous. We never know, what his real income is, yet there has been a lot of allegation on this nativity which doesn’t suit for an astrologer. God only know the truth and we shall not do any judgements here.
·        Well placed Saturn in Bahya and Mercury in Dwara indicate favourable results.

  • Dwara Leo is o
    ccupied by Darakaraka Mercury indicating marriage.

So on a whole, this dasa indicate favourable results except the placement of Venus and Sun in 12th sign and aspect by Moon, clearly shows the wrath of Government.

Now, let us move on to analyze the respective Bhava results in this Leo Maha Dasa.

First let us calculate the Dasa Karakas for the Leo.

Leo Dasa Karakas:

Dasa Karaka
Tanu Karaka
Lord of the Dasa Sign
Dhana Karaka
Planet next to Tanu Karka in Graha Chakra







Tanu Karaka will be Karma Karaka
Dhana Karaka will be Labha
Gnati Karaka will be Vyay Karaka

·        Tanu karaka Rahu in sign Gemini, with Ayush Karaka Moon in the sign of Saturn indicate the High Blood Pressure the native facing during this dasa.
·        Kutumba Karaka Venus afflicted by Sun in the sign of Moon indicating problems in the family.
·        Bhratri Karaka Sun aspected by Moon indicate the prosperity to the brothers etc.
·        Kutumba and Bhratri Karaka in 12th house indicate the family members florishes in the foreign land.
·        Vidya Karaka Mercury in dasa sign indicate the person involvement in educational activities. During this dasa time, native established many study centers to promote the Vedic Astrology. He has authored many books during this time.
·        Putra Karaka Mars in enemy’s house and aspected Rahu indicate the problem which will be remedied with suitable remedial measures as Jupiter aspects from Pisces.
·        Gnati Karaka Ketu indicate the opposition from religious activists since Ketu exalted in Sagittarius. Observe the Gnati Karaka placed in 5th house of followers. It is not astonishing that his own disciples created havoc in his life. Now, his very celebrated disciple opposes him.
·        Kalatra Karaka Saturn represent some disturbances in marital life which will be settled since Saturn is well placed. But, since Saturn as Kalatra Karaka aspect the dasa sign indicate the marriage in this dasa. As Moon placed in 7th house indicate marriage. So the native got married second time after obtaining the legal divorce from his first wife.
·        Well placed Dharma Karaka Jupiter indicate the support he gets from the students. Jupiter indicate the imparting the knowledge which is supporting the native in many storms.

Let us check the previous Dasa of Scorpio (1991 – 2000).

·        Well placed benefic planets Moon and Jupiter in 4th and 5th house respectively indicate the person a author. Classics mention it as Prabandha Karta. During this time, the name brought wonderful books on Vedic Astrology. His books written during that time are considered classics than the books he wrote in the last decade. These books earned a lot of followers and this scribe was introduced to Jaimini system from these works.
·        Rahu in 8th house was bad indicating secret enemies which is countered by the placement of Jupiter in 5th and Venus in 9th house.
·        Mercury in 10th house from Dwara and 2nd from Bahya is good and indicate good career.
·        Venus, Sun and well placed Saturn aspect the Dasa sign indicate the person joining the Government service.

  •  Dwara Sign is Scorpio and the Bahya sign is Cancer. Bahya Sign is Dara Pada and Venus placed in it indicating the marriage in this dasa.

·        Tanu Karaka Jupiter is well placed in Pisces in 5th from Scorpio indicate good Rajayoga during this Dasa. The native joined Govt. Service and was elevated  to the rank of Secretary during this time.

·        An humble attempt was made to introduce this wonderful dasa system.
·        The specific conditions and calculation of this dasa has been explained.
·        The specific rules are given according to the classics
·        Dasa Karaka system is introduced, which, in this scribe’s humble view, is after a long time in an article form.
·        Usage of Dasa Karaka system has been highlighted.
I will expand this article quite often to make it more lucid. Irequest the student of this system to study the explanation and Vriddha Karikas given above and apply this to suitable horoscopes.


  1. Charaparyaya Dasa - Time of Marraige By Irnagnati Rangacharya - The Astrological Magazine - September 2005
  2. Jaimini Sutramritam - By Sri Iranganti Rangacharya Sanskrit Commentary
  3. Jataka Sara Sangraha  - By Raghava Bhatta
  4. Sutrartha Prakasika - By Nrisimha Suri
  5. Jyotisha Phalaratnamala - By Krishna Mishra

Seeking Blessings

[1] For example, the Adarsa sign of Aries (Odd sign) is Scorpio (Even), similarly for Taurus (Even) is Libra (Odd).
[2] I mean the transits in Jaimini Way.


Anonymous said...

period of sagittarius should be 8 years while yous have mentioned 6 years. Please check and correct interpretation accordingly

Anonymous said...

Dear Shanmukh,

Please clarify how to decide the strongest signs out of the trines if two sign or three sign are occupied by AK, Own Lord and Jupiter or Mercury respectively e.g. Aries lagna, lagna has Mars, fifth has AK and ninth house has Jupiter. We have to take strogest as per chara<sthira<dwiswabhava or otherwise.

Anonymous said...

Dear Shanmukh,

Please clarify how to decide the strongest signs out of the trines if two sign or three sign are occupied by AK, Own Lord and Jupiter or Mercury respectively e.g. Aries lagna, lagna has Mars, fifth has AK and ninth house has Jupiter. We have to take strogest as per chara<sthira<dwiswabhava or otherwise.

Anonymous said...

Dear Shanmukh

From rashi dasha Leo, his Amk (representing career) is in eighth house and is aspected by the trouble maker GK Mars and malefic Rahu/Ketu while AK Saturn is in sixth house of fight and struggle. His short term fame and rise can not be justified in leo dasha. Only marriage and learning basics of astrology can be justified as leo is occupied by DK Mercury.
Primary importance should be given to the chara karakas in all phalit dashas. All ancient/modren Jaimini commentator are silent about the use of chara karkas except few modern one/some who known the secret of this divine science. Most of the Jaimini Astrologers also dont know the new/ researched meanings of these karakas.

Shanmukha said...

Yes,the Sagittarius dasa should be 8 years. So, I admit that there is aproblem in the calculation.

I will go through it and update it.

Coming to new / researched meaning of Dasa Karakas, let me state my stand.

It's my humble attempt to understand this Dasa Karaka system. I can honestly claim that this Karaka system is not a new concept. Coming to research part, well, I admit that I tried to understand with my limited study. Probably it takes a longer time.


Shanmukha said...


The stongest will be decided by first checking the placement of Jupiter etc. planets. In the example you have given for Aries lagna, see which sign has more no. of planets among the trines. In your example, check which Aries, Leo, Sagittarius has more planets of Jupiter, Merc etc. If not solved then use conjuction of more planets etc.

Hope this clarifies you point.

If not I will update the article.


Anonymous said...

Dear Shanmukha, your texts on Jaimini are realy nectarian. Do you have some plan to write more often ? Even smaller articles, more often, would be great thing. What do you think?

Rajiv Deo said...

Interesting work on Jaimini Sutra.
Would like to discuss more.
Rajiv Deo

Anonymous said...

Please write an article on computing Trikona Dasa as per Shri Rangacharya? Thank you.

RDAT Kanpur said...

Sir, do you know the meaning of the word" Paryay"?Does Jaimini sutras supprts this dass to start from 1, 5 or 9 houses?Which are the Jaiminis Sutras which provide the sequence of dasa order for different signs?pls think over it.

Shanmukha said...

Dear Sir,

I hope I had given the references on why the dasha starts from 1, 5 or 9 in my article. Anyway I write below relevant reference.

पदक्रम विभागेन चरपर्याय नामिकाम्।
चलाचल विमिश्राणां भेदेन तु दशां नयेत्॥
गोचराख्य दशावद्धि पर्याय नयनं फलमिति॥।
padakrama vibhāgena caraparyāya nāmikām|
calācala vimiśrāṇāṁ bhedena tu daśāṁ nayet ||
gocarākhya daśāvaddhi paryāya nayanaṁ phalamiti |||

In my humble opinion, to understand Jaimini System, only the text Jaimini sutras is not enough. I believe, the commentaries are also important. You may think otherwise.

If you meant that I did not understand the meaning of word Paryaya, whole writing about Chara Paryaya Dasha, you are welcome to think so.


Naresh Chandra said...

Sir, what will be Dasa lords for the 2nd cyle after the 12 Dasas are over?
Will it again be Atmakarka and othrs which are in Kenra,Panphara and Apoclim or 4th plants after the 12th D?asa

chandra said...

Sir, you can not fully depend on Bridhikararika.One should corelate with Jaimini Sutram before accepting any thing of bridhikarika

Shanmukha said...

Dear Sri Chandra,

Your suggestion is a welcome one. However, every student/researcher shall have a method of approach and some reference standard. I take Vriddha Karika as a reference standard and you may choose another.

If you look at my articles you will definitely appreciate that I would never write anything except it is somehow find relevant reference in jaimini sutras.

Unfortunately, this generation forget the tradition of learning and understanding Sutra Vangmaya( Sutra Literature). Karikas are the first reference points for any sutra literature.

If one tries to understand Jaimini Sutra (Astrology) or any Sutra literature like Bramha Sutras etc. one would fall prey to oblivion.


Shanmukha said...

Dear Sri Naresh Chandra,

The dasa will repeat after 12 dasas are over. It will be the Atmakaraka who is the lord of 13th dasa and the successive lords will be in the order of Kendra, Pahaphara, Apoklima.

One shall also remember that the dasa years also will be same as earlier calculated NOT (12-n) years as followed by Sri Sanjay.


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